Skincare Routine and how to do it right.
Before we start, did you know that your skin is the largest part of your body?
It is believed that the skin account for about 16% of your body weight. It is therefore paramount to have a good skincare routine because it acts as the largest barrier against infection to your body.
Keeping your skin healthy and moist helps keep this barrier strong.
When/if the skin gets dry or irritated, it cracks and this makes you more prone to infection. The excess dead cells that would normally be washed away by proper skincare gets stuck to the skin, causing it to look grey and dull. Your pores also get and stay clogged, which can cause acne and enlarged pores.
What is a skincare routine?
Having healthy glowing skin is not a matter of genes. It is the work you put in by having a constant skincare routine. Nothing just happens in life. If you need good skin then you must pay the price for it. Highly successful people don’t rise to the top by behaving like everyone else. They are aware that achieving great things means getting more done. This is the case for every aspect of our lives including skincare.
It’s important to have a Skincare Routine.
Starting a skincare routine may appear tiresome and overwhelming, but once you get the proper products for your skin, it will definitely add important self-care to your daily routine. As a matter of fact, using the right skincare products can actually be a therapeutic moment for you.
According to Dr. Joshua Zeichner at the most basic level, your routine should protect your skin in the morning to prevent environmental damage during the day. In the evening, your products should work to repair any damage that may have been caused as well as strengthen your skin while you sleep. Your daily habits have a big impact on what you see in the mirror.
There are millions and millions of opinions on everything skincare. But to be honest, skincare is purely a personal affair. The product that works for your sister, friend, colleague, mum, or daughter may not necessarily do the same for you. So what’s the secret? ” know your skin“. It is a journey that starts with first knowing your skin type. Different skin types react differently to different products.
As a matter of fact, the first and most important part of skincare is understanding your specific skin type and knowing how it adapts to various circumstances and different seasons.
Skin type is determined by genetics. There are five basic skin types – normal, oily, dry, combination (dry and oily), and sensitive skin. The condition of our skin may, however, vary greatly depending on the various internal and external factors it is exposed to.
Skin types explained.
a. Normal skin
This is a combination of both oily and dry skin. It is characterized by smooth texture, a healthy glow, fine pores, and has no visible blemishes.
b. Oily skin:
It normally has excess oil that mostly leaves pores congested and clogged. This skin type is prone to PIH (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation) a condition that leaves dark spots on the skin.
c. Dry skin:
This skin type tends to feel tight throughout the day you may also experience noticeable flaking.
d. Sensitive skin:
This skin type is symbolized by redness, a rash, stinging, itching and a burning sensation. This skin type is prone to rashes and bumps.
Kindly note that to avoid sensitive skin from reacting, you MUST conduct a patch test. Don’t use a product without testing it on your hand. Wait for 24 hours after the patch test. If your skin doesn’t react to it, go ahead and apply it on your face.
How do I know my skin type?
The Bare-Faced Method
Wash your face clean warm water and thoroughly rinse (pl avoid scrubbing) Then cleanse your face with a mild face cleanser and gently pat dry. Leave skin bare for about 30 minutes.
If your skin feels tight, your skin is likely to be dry. If there is noticeable shine on your nose and forehead, your skin is most likely normal and if there is shine on your cheeks in addition to your forehead and nose, you most likely have oily skin.
2. The Blotting Sheet Method
Gently pat a blotting paper on the different parts of your face. Hold the sheet up to the light to determine how much oil is visible. If the sheet picked up little or no oil, you most likely have dry skin. If the blotting sheet reveals oil from the forehead and nose areas, your skin is most likely to be normal. Finally, if the blotting paper is saturated with oil, it is very likely that you have oily skin.
THE IDEAL SKINCARE ROUTINE
Dr Morgan Rabach advises that you should start slow. Especially if you currently have no skincare routine, don’t overwhelm yourself go slow. “You should start with just a few products and build up your routine over time. The best skin care routine involves
Simply wash your skin as a skincare routine.
Washing your face may appear to be the most simple thing to do. But ideally, it requires time and attention. Then wet your face and apply a cleanser gently using your fingertips
Using a face towel, sponge, or anything other than your fingertips can irritate your skin. (Avoid scrubbing your skin as you may irritate the skin). Then rinse with lukewarm water and pat gently with a soft towel.
- It helps remove dead skin.
- Reduces oils in acne-prone skin.
- Removes buildup of bacteria and yeast on the skin.
- Eliminates pollutants that collect on the skin
- Gets rid of all makeup, so pores do not get clogged.
Before we proceed, check out our top best skin cleansers deals.
Tips on best cleansers:
If you have oily skin, try gel cleansers.
This will effectively remove germs and dirt off the skin. (Be careful not to overly dry out the skin as it (can cause overproduction of oil).
- For dry skin: Get cleansers that when added to water become milky emulsions. No stripping or drying of the skin insight, what you’re left with is just a clean and comfortable face.
- Normal skin: Look out for oil cleansers With these, you will be assured of removing pore-clogging debris—including waterproof makeup without drying your skin. It is ideal for normal skin type.
- Sensitive skin: cream cleansers are most ideal. They are usually thick, creamy, and contain moisturizing ingredients like botanical oils. Cream cleansers gently cleanse your skin without stripping it of its natural oils. They can also come in the form of “milk” or “lotion.”
Toning is the best way to balance your skin. It helps tighten the pores and balances the pH level of your skin as well as helping it to better absorb the skincare that comes next.
Pat your skin dry using a soft cotton cloth. Then instead of rubbing vigorously, blot away the water from your face. Take a cotton pad and soak it with a toner that best fits your skin tone. Gently apply it over your face while staying away from the eye area (ensure the toner is alcohol-free).
We Recommend Garnier Natural Aloe Extract Toner Normal Skin.
Tips for the best toner for your skin type.
- For dry skin: Try to get hydrating toner that is filled with soothing botanicals and hydrating fatty acids to seal in moisture.
- Oily skin: Look out for a chemical exfoliant that helps lift dead skin. Moreover, it acts as a skin soother that helps calm any redness and inflammation from breakouts.
- If you have sensitive skin A moisturizing toner will be a perfect choice for you. If you get one that has ingredients such as glycerin and hyaluronic acid, you will be sorted. (Please avoid toners that contain alcohol as they have a drying and irritating effect).
- For normal skin see Natural Aloe Vera extract toner
3. USE A FACIAL SERUM.
Serums are skincare products that are designed to give the skin a high concentration of specific active ingredients. There are many different types of serums out there that perform various functions including; hydrating, protecting, evening, as well as brightening skin.
Serums come in different forms. For instance, a serum can be clear, gel-based, or liquid. They tend to be less thick than a moisturizer. They’re typically applied before moisturizers to help lock in moisture.
Generally, you should use a serum on your entire face and neck twice daily, once in the morning and in the evening, before applying your moisturizer.
One thing most dermatologists seem to agree on is using an antioxidant serum (like Vitamin C) in the morning.
Moisturizers protect your skin and prevent moisture from leaving your cells. It is recommended that you use a thicker moisturizer if you have dry skin and a lighter gel moisturizer if you have oily skin. Thicker moisturizer works to better your skin moisturization level as well as improve the appearance of the skin.
To be brutally honest, salespeople will say just about anything to get sales. Labels and ads often use convincing terms like allergy-tested and in most cases, this leaves us (the consumers) convinced to buy that specific product.
However, according to Havard health regardless of all the unknowns and salesmanship, you can hardly go wrong with moisturizers.
Most moisturizers will help with dry skin, and in most cases, the choice comes down to subjective experience and simply whether you like the feel and smell.
My advice would be to get the moisturizer you like and perfectly suits your preference.
5. WEAR BROAD SPECTRUM SUNSCREEN.
You may be wondering whether it is necessary to wear sunscreen when you are probably spending most of your time indoors. There are two types of damaging sun rays:
UVA and short-ray UVB. Most windows filter out UVB rays, so you won’t get sunburnt sitting by a window. But UVA rays can penetrate through windows. Unfortunately, UVA rays are more harmful as they degrade collagen faster. In fact, UVA rays put you at risk for skin cancer.
Dr. Rabach recommends exfoliating a few times a week, using pore strips, at-home masks, and doing facial massages with rollers. Furthermore, if your skin would normally burn after 10 minutes in the sun, applying sunscreen would allow you to stay in the sun without burning for approximately 150 minutes.
Be sure to apply your sunscreen generously to get the maximum potential of protection(about ½ teaspoon for your face and neck). Furthermore, reapply your sunscreen every two to three hours, especially when you’re outdoors, and directly after you are exposed to the sun.
According to this article, you can get sun damage in winter
How to choose a sunscreen
Ensure it has “broad spectrum” protection (ensure it has these words). It blocks both UVA and UVB rays.
Make sure your sunscreen has a sun protection factor (SPF) 30 or higher. (SPF reduces the chance of skin cancer, and sun-related skin damage like sunspots, pre-cancers, wrinkles, sagging skin, discolouration, and uneven tone).
Consider your skin type.
- If you have dry skin, get moisturizing sunscreen in the form of cream, as it allows you to layer it on top of your moisturizer. Any sunscreen enriched with moisturizing ingredients such as ceramides, glycerin, hyaluronic acid, honey will be your ideal choice.
- If you have oily skin, look for sunscreen in water-based or gel formulas with a matte finish. Ingredients such as green tea, tea tree oil, or niacinamide in your sunscreen can also help you to control oil production.
- If you have normal skin, you need not worry much. Just get the sunscreen of your preference. In fact, Defense Me Natural Sunscreen is very good.
- If you have sensitive skin, get a sunscreen with zinc oxide and titanium dioxide as they are less likely to cause harm to your skin. In addition, ingredients such as panthenol, allantoin, and madecassoside all have soothing properties and may help to reduce skin irritation.
How to exfoliate your skin.
- If you have dry skin, try chemicals such as Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs). Glycolic acid will help remove dead cells sitting on the surface of the skin and encourage healthy skin turnover.
- Oily skin can benefit from using a sponge, smooth, brush or gentle scrub in circular motions for best results. This is because oily skin may have an extra layer of buildup on the surface
- Someone with normal skin has the leeway to experiment and discover which method of exfoliation works best for your skin.
- For sensitive skin, Avoid scrubbing. Use a mild chemical exfoliator and apply very gently with a washcloth.
7. MULTI-MASK A FEW TIMES A WEEK.
- For dry skin, get a mask that retains water preferably one that has hyaluronic acid.
- Oily skin, something that removes excess oil and helps reduce pore-clogging is ideal. Look for face masks containing ingredients like; salicylic acid, glycolic acid, sulfur. Furthermore, Yogurt and pineapple can also be used to exfoliate the skin
- Sensitive skin– Look for salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and natural ingredients like yoghurt and papaya to remove dead skin and pore-clogging substances. In addition, oatmeal and aloe vera will soothe your skin. Moreover, clay and charcoal can also help soak up excess oil.
Please pick your products with caution. It is vital to read the ingredients and labels on skincare products especially if you have sensitive skin.
Moreover, kindly note that drinking a lot of water balances the oil and water content on the skin. It also helps to prevent excess oil and sebum secretion resulting in fewer clogged pores.
In addition, Water keeps the skin cells hydrated and moisturized hence preventing blemishes, pimples, darkness, and wrinkles. Your skin gets a glow and softness just by drinking plenty of water.
Follow your doctor’s advice.
As much as most skincare products do not need a prescription, kindly consider talking to your doctor to hear which products he/she recommends. After all, doctors know best, right?
In conclusion, it is very vital to note that your skin needs can change over time, and taking steps to best identify its needs at every particular time is essential for it to function and look its best.
Keeping the health of your skin in mind and “checking in” regularly to determine whether any adjustments to your current routine is needed will keep it balanced and beautiful.
Take time to learn your skin and the products that work for it and then follow the above routine and you will not regret it.